DevOps: 変化の激しい環境でビジネス競争力を向上させる具体的な方法

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December 04, 18

スライド概要

AWS DevOps祭り 2018での発表資料です。
https://pages.awscloud.com/AWSDevOpsmatsuri20181203-jp.html

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1.

"84%FW0QTࡇΓ %FW0QT มԽͷܹ͍͠‫Ͱڥ؀‬ Ϗδωε‫ڝ‬૪ྗΛ޲্ͤ͞Δ۩ମతͳํ๏  Ϋϥεϝιου‫ࣜג‬ձࣾ %FW0QTࢧԉࣨ ౻ଜɹ৽

2.

ࣗ‫঺ݾ‬հ w ౻ଜɹ৽ ;͡ΉΒɹ͋Βͨ  w !BSBUBGVKJ w ࡀɺࣇͷ෕ w స৬ଟΊ ‫ࣾࡏݱ‬໨  w Ϋϥεϝιου‫ࣜג‬ձࣾ%FW0QTࢧԉࣨ w ೖࣾ

6.

ΞδΣϯμ %FW0QTͱΞδϟΠϧͱࢲ %FW0QTʹର͢Δࢲͷ΋΍΋΍ %FW0QTࢧԉࣨͷऔΓ૊Έ Ϗδωε‫ڝ‬૪ྗΛ޲্ͤ͞Δ۩ମతͳํ๏ ·ͱΊ

7.

ΞδΣϯμ %FW0QTͱΞδϟΠϧͱࢲ %FW0QTʹର͢Δࢲͷ΋΍΋΍ %FW0QTࢧԉࣨͷऔΓ૊Έ Ϗδωε‫ڝ‬૪ྗΛ޲্ͤ͞Δ۩ମతͳํ๏ ·ͱΊ

8.

"HJMF "HJMF*OGSBTUSVDUVSFBOE0QFSBUJPOT )PX*OGSBHJMFBSF:PV  ύτϦοΫɾσϘΞ 5IF%FW0QT)BOECPPL‫ڞ‬ஶ<> ݄ ೥ ݄ ݄ ݄ ݁ࠗ— ໿೥ಇ͍ͨϙʔλϧαΠτୀ৬ ಉ྅্ཱ͕ͪ͛ͨελʔτΞοϓ ΁స৬🔥 த‫ݎ‬ϙʔλϧαΠτ ΞϰϦϧɾϥϰΟʔϯདྷ೔πΞʔ ΩϟϦΞެࣜˍ1$αΠτΛ ਓ%FWͰߏங ελʔτΞοϓ

9.

$POUJOVPVT%FQMPZNFOU ςΟϞγʔɾϑΟοπ IUUQUJNPUIZpU[DPN DPOUJOVPVTEFQMPZNFOU %FW0QTͷจ຺Ͱ͸ͳ͍ ೥ ݄ ݄ 7FMPDJUZ  %FQMPZTQFS%BZ %FWBOE0QT$PPQFSBUJPOBU'MJDLS δϣϯɾΞϨεϙ΢ˍϙʔϧɾϋʔϞϯυ ݄ %FW0QT%BZT(IFOU ύτϦοΫɾσϘΞ ݄ ݄ ελʔτΞοϓୀ৬ ϑϦʔϥϯεΤϯδχΞʹͳΔ🔥 ࣗࣾαʔϏεΛ໛ࡧ͠ͳ͕Β΋डୗ։ൃϝΠϯ ελʔτΞοϓ ϑϦʔϥϯε

10.

$POUJOVPVT%FMJWFSZ δΣζɾϋϯϒϧଞ %FW0QT%BZT4ZEOFZ %FW0QT%BZT .PVOUBJO7JFX ೥ %FW0QT%BZT)BNCVSH 5IF%FW0QT)BOECPPL‫ڞ‬ஶ  %FW0QT%BZT #SB[JM %FW0QTʹ΋݁ߏ‫ͯ͠ٴݴ‬Δ ݄ ݄ ݄ ݄ ϑϦʔϥϯεΤϯδχΞ࠳ં ελʔτΞοϓʹग़໭ΓPS[ ࣗࣾαʔϏεΛ໛ࡧ͠ͳ͕Β΋डୗ։ൃϝΠϯ ϑϦʔϥϯε ݄ ݄ ݄ ௕உ஀ੜ— ੢ւ‫؛‬ϊϦͷ ελʔτΞοϓʹৗற ελʔτΞοϓ ग़໭Γ

11.

%FW0QT%BZT .BOJMB %FW0QT%BZT .PVOUBJO7JFX %FW0QT%BZT #PTUPO ೥ %FW0QT%BZT .FMCPVSOF ݄ %FW0QT%BZT (PUFCPSH %FW0QT%BZT #BOHBMPSF ݄ ݄ ݄ ݄ ݄ ݄ ݄ ݄ ੢ւ‫؛‬ϊϦͰղ‫🔥ޏ‬ େखωοτ‫ʹۀاܥ‬ग़໭Γ ৗறઌ΁స৬ ੢ւ‫؛‬ϊϦͷ ελʔτΞοϓʹৗற ελʔτΞοϓ ग़໭Γ ࣄ‫ۀ‬ΛϐϘοτͨ͠λΠϛϯάͰδϣΠϯ ΞδϟΠϧ։ൃɺϦʔϯɾελʔτΞοϓॳମ‫ݧ‬ ιγϟήͰ ΞδϟΠϧ։ൃ ੢ւ‫؛‬ϊϦͷελʔτΞοϓ େखωοτ‫ۀاܥ‬ ग़໭Γ

12.

%FW0QT%BZT "VTUJO5FYBT %FW0QT%BZT .PVOUBJO7JFX %FW0QT%BZT 3PNF %FW0QT%BZT 5PLZP!(.0 Πϯλʔωοτ ೥ ݄ ݄ ݄ ݄ χΞϛεʂ ͔͠͠ෆࢀՃ ݄ ϦϦʔε ιγϟήͰΞδϟΠϧ։ൃ େखωοτ‫ ۀاܥ‬ग़໭Γ ݄ ݄ 1.*ΞδϟΠϧ1.‫ڀݚ‬ձ ্ཱͪ͛ϓϩδΣΫτʹࢀը άϧʔϓձࣾͷ৽‫ن‬ϓϩδΣΫτͰ εΫϥϜॳ࣮ફ

13.

%FW0QT%BZT͸೥ճ։࠵ʂ /FX:PSL 8JOUFS ɺ/FX;FBMBOEɺ-POEPO 4QSJOH ɺ1BSJTɺ"VTUJOɺ#FSMJOɺ"NTUFSEBNɺ4JMJDPO7BMMFZɺ4ZEOFZɺ 5PLZPɺ5FM"WJWɺ"UMBOUBɺ#BSDFMPOBɺ/FX:PSL 'BMM ɺ7BODPVWFSɺ1PSUMBOEɺ-POEPO "VUVNO ɺ#BOHBMPSF RQTUVEZ ʮ%FW0QTΛͿͪյͤ ʙ%FW0QT‫ͳ͏ݴ‬ʙʯ 5IF1IPFOJY1SPKFDU δʔϯɾΩϜ 5IF%FW0QT)BOECPPL‫ڞ‬ஶɺ %FW0QT%BZT5PLZPొஃ༧ఆ ˏϠϑʔ 4UBUFPG%FW0QT3FQPSU 1VQQFU͕࣮ࣾࢪ͍ͯ͠ΔௐࠪϨϙʔτ δʔϯɾΩϜɺδΣζɾϋϯϒϧ͕ϨϏϡʔʹࢀՃ ೥ ݄ ݄ ݄ ݄ ݄ lʮঢ়‫ʹگ‬Αͬͯख࡞‫ߏڥ؀Ͱۀ‬ங͢Δ͜ͱΛೝΊΔͱɺ $IFGͷར༻͕ਁಁ͠ͳ͍ʯɻ (.0Πϯλʔωοτͷ౻ଜ৽ࢯʢ࣍ੈ୅γεςϜ ‫ࣨڀݚ‬γχΞΞʔΩςΫτʣ͸ɺࣗ਎ͷνʔϜͰͷ ‫͔ݧܦ‬Βɺ͜͏‫ܯ‬৊Λ໐Β͢ɻz େखωοτ‫ ۀاܥ‬ग़໭Γ

14.

%FW0QT%BZT։࠵਺  ॳࢀՃʂ                        ։࠵਺૿Ճதʂ 

15.

೥ʙ೥ͷؒͷࢲ

17.

#ZBMWFPMBOE BMWFPMBOEXFCTJUF <1VCMJDEPNBJO> WJB8JLJNFEJB$PNNPOT :0:0)PMEJOHT!ϑΟϦϐϯ#($

18.

"TJBO5FDI!ϕτφϜμφϯ

19.

೥ʙ೥ wΞδϟΠϧ։ൃͷಋೖɾ࣮ફ wΦϑγϣΞ։ൃʹΞδϟΠϧ։ൃಋೖɾ࣮ફ wւ֎ͷଟࠃ੶νʔϜʹΞδϟΠϧ։ൃಋೖɾ࣮ફ wϦʔϯɾελʔτΞοϓ࣮ફ  wͦͯ͠Ϋϥεϝιουೖࣾ ೥݄೔  w%FW0QTࢧԉࣄ‫ۀ‬։࢝

20.

ΞδΣϯμ %FW0QTͱΞδϟΠϧͱࢲ %FW0QTʹର͢Δࢲͷ΋΍΋΍ %FW0QTࢧԉࣨͷऔΓ૊Έ Ϗδωε‫ڝ‬૪ྗΛ޲্ͤ͞Δ۩ମతͳํ๏ ·ͱΊ

21.

೥஗Εͷᷤ౻

22.

%FW0QTͬͯɺ ζϧ͘ͳ͍ʁ

23.

4UBUFPG%FW0QT3FQPSU IUUQTQVQQFUDPNSFTPVSDFTJOGPHSBQIJDTUBUFPGEFWPQTSFQPSUJOGPHSBQIJD

24.

code deployments The data from the sixth annual State of DevOps survey (thanks to the thousands of you who participated!) provide strong evidence that DevOps practices yield remarkable results. How remarkable? See for yourself in the key findings in this infographic, and then explore the 2017 State of DevOps Report for all the details. That means high performers deploy multiples times per day instead of once a week or less. commit to deploy That means high performers have a lead time of less than an hour instead of more than a week. 4UBUFPG%FW0QT3FQPSU High-performing teams fail less, and recover faster. High-performing teams deploy more — and faster. 46X 440X That means high performers deploy multiples times per day instead of once a week or less. That means high performers have a lead time of less than an hour instead of more than a week. more frequent code deployments faster lead time from commit to deploy High-performing teams fail less, and recover faster. 96X faster mean time to recover from downtime That means high performers recover in less than an hour instead of several days. 5X lower change failure rate That means high performers’ changes fail 7.5% of the time instead of 38.5%. High-performing teams love automation. They do less manual work and have automated: IUUQTQVQQFUDPNSFTPVSDFTJOGPHSBQIJDTUBUFPGEFWPQTSFQPSUJOGPHSBQIJD

25.

શ෦%FW0QTͷखฑʁ

26.

͜ΕΒશ෦%FW0QTࡿԼʁ

27.

l࣮ࡍɺEFWPQTӡಈͷഎ‫͋ʹޙ‬ΔΞΠσΞ ͷଟ͘͸ɺҎલ͔Βผͷ໊લͰଘࡏ͍ͯͨ͠ ΋ͷ͕ଟ͍ɻ͔͠͠ɺEFWPQTͷ࣌୅ਫ਼ਆ ͸ɺͦΕΒͷ෦඼ͷ૯࿨Ҏ্ͷ΋ͷͰ͋Γɺ ࠓ·Ͱͷ΋ͷͱ͸ҟͳΔ΋ͷͰ͋Δɻz r&GGFDUJWF%FW0QT

28.

͡Ό͋ɺ%FW0QTࢧԉࣨ΋ɺ ΞδϟΠϧͱ͔Ϧʔϯͱ͔Ϧʔϯɾελʔτ Ξοϓͱ͔$*ͱ͔$%ͱ͔*B$ͱ͔Ϋϥ΢υ ͱ͔ίϯςφͱ͔ͦͷଞॾʑͷ૊Έ߹Θͤࢧ ԉࣨʹ໊લม͑Δʁ Ұ‫ͯ͑ݴͰݴ‬ศར͡Όͳ͍ʁ

29.

%FW0QTͬͯɺ ໊લ͕ѱ͘ͳ͍ʁ

30.

౰ॳ͸%FWͱ0QTͷରཱߏ଄ղফʹϑΥʔΧε ͍͚ͯͨ͠Ͳɺͦͷ‫ޙ‬ղऍ͕֦େத IUUQTXXXTMJEFTIBSFOFUKBMMTQBXEFQMPZTQFSEBZEFWBOEPQTDPPQFSBUJPOBUqJDLS

31.

େࣄͳ͜ͱͳͷͰೋ౓‫ݴ‬ ͏͚ͲɺҰ‫ͯ͑ݴͰݴ‬ศར ͡Όͳ͍ʁ

32.

%FW0QTͬͯɺ ͳͥఆٛ ͠ͳ͍ͷ͔ʁ

33.

w EFWPQTʹؔ܎͕͋Δͷ͸։ൃऀͱ؅ཧऀ͚ͩͰ͸ͳ͍ w EFWPQT͸νʔϜͰ͸ͳ͍ w EFWPQT͸‫Ͱ͖ॻݞ‬͸ͳ͍ w EFWPQT͸΢Σϒ‫ܥ‬ͷελʔτΞοϓ͚ͩͷ໰୊Ͱ͸ͳ͍ w EFWPQTʹ͸ೝఆࢿ͕֨ඞཁͰ͸ͳ͍ w EFWPQTͱ͸ɺ൒෼ͷਓһͰ͢΂ͯͷ࢓ࣄΛ͢Δ͜ͱͰ͸ͳ͍ w EFWPQTʹ͸ʮਖ਼͍͠ํ๏ʯ ·ͨ͸ʮؒҧͬͨํ๏ʯ ͸ͳ͍ w EFWPQTΛऔΓೖΕΔͨΊʹ͸9िؒ9ϲ݄͔͔ΔΘ͚Ͱ͸ͳ͍ w EFWPQT͸πʔϧͷ໰୊Ͱ͸ͳ͍ w EFWPQTͱ͸ࣗಈԽͷ͜ͱͰ͸ͳ͍ w EFWPQT͸Ұ࣌తͳྲྀߦͰ͸ͳ͍ w EFWPQT͸ҎલͷΞΠσΞʹ৽໊͍͠લΛ͚͚ͭͨͩͰ͸ͳ͍ w ඇ೉จԽ͕͋Δͷ͸EFWPQTͰ͸ͳ͍ w αΠϩԽ͍ͯ͠Δͷ͸EFWPQTͰ͸ͳ͍ w ࠜຊ‫ݪ‬Ҽ෼ੳ͍ͯ͠Δͷ͸EFWPQTͰ͸ͳ͍ w ώϡʔϚϯΤϥʔͱ͍͏ߟ͑ํ͸EFWPQTͰ͸ͳ͍ w ׂΓࠐΈจԽ͸EFWPQTͰ͸ͳ͍ w EFWPQT͸୯ͳΔΞδϟΠϧͰ͸ͳ͍ w ʮ೔σϓϩΠʯΛ࣮ફ͍ͯ͠Δ͔Βͱ͍ͬͯʮEFWPQTΛ͏·͘΍͍ͬͯΔʯ ͱ͸‫͍ͳ͑ݴ‬

34.

ΞδϟΠϧͷՁ஋ͱ‫ݪ‬ଇ IUUQBHJMFNBOJGFTUPPSHJTPKBNBOJGFTUPIUNM

35.

IUUQTXXXTMJEFTIBSFOFUGLJOPCSJFGIJTUPSZPGBHJMFNPWFNFOU

36.

%FW0QTͷՁ஋ͱ‫ݪ‬ଇΛ ఆٛ͢Ε͹ྑ͍ͷʹ

37.

%FW0QTؔ࿈ͷ૊৫΍ॻ੶ Ͱ΋ͦΕͧΕఆٛ͞ΕͯΔΑɻ ୯ʹఆ͕ٛଟछଟ༷ͳ͚ͩɻ ࣗ෼ͳΓͷ%FW0QTΛఆٛ ͯ͠ΈͨΒʁ

39.

&GGFDUJWF%FW0QT ˙ຊப ίϥϘϨʔγϣϯ ΞϑΟχςΟ πʔϧ εέʔϦϯά

40.

"$$&-&3"5&

41.

ͷέΠύϏϦςΟ ˙‫ܧ‬ଓతσϦόϦ όʔδϣϯ؅ཧ σϓϩΠͷࣗಈԽ ‫ܧ‬ଓతΠϯςάϨʔγϣϯ τϥϯΫϕʔεͷ։ൃ ςετͷࣗಈԽ ςετσʔλͷ؅ཧ ৘ใηΩϡϦςΟͷγϑτϨϑτ ‫ܧ‬ଓతσϦόϦ ˙੡඼ͱϓϩηε ‫ސ‬٬ϑΟʔυόοΫ ‫ۀ‬຿ϓϩηεͷՄࢹԽ ࡞‫ۀ‬ͷࡉ෼Խ νʔϜʹΑΔ࣮‫ݧ‬ ˙ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ૄ݁߹ͷΞʔΩςΫνϟ νʔϜ΁ͷ‫ݶݖ‬ͷ෇༩ ˙Ϧʔϯࢥߟʹ‫ͮ͘ج‬؅ཧͱ‫ࢹ؂‬ มߋঝೝϓϩηε ‫ࢹ؂‬ ϓϩΞΫςΟϒͳ௨஌ ਐߦதͷ࡞‫ ۀ‬8*1 ͷ੍‫ݶ‬ ࡞‫ۀ‬ͷՄࢹԽ ˙૊৫จԽ 8FTUSVNਪ঑ͷ૑଄తͳ૊৫จԽ ֶͼͷࢧԉ νʔϜؒͷ‫ڠ‬ಇ ৬຿ຬ଍౓ վળΛਪਐ͢ΔϦʔμʔγοϓ

42.

͜͜·ͰͰ෼‫ܦ‬աͳΒྑ͍ϖʔε

43.

ΞδΣϯμ %FW0QTͱΞδϟΠϧͱࢲ %FW0QTʹର͢Δࢲͷ΋΍΋΍ %FW0QTࢧԉࣨͷऔΓ૊Έ Ϗδωε‫ڝ‬૪ྗΛ޲্ͤ͞Δ۩ମతͳํ๏ ·ͱΊ

45.

ఆٛͳͯ͘͠ ࢧԉͳ͠ʂ

46.

ఆٛͯ͠Έͨ

47.

%FW0QTͷ໨త มԽͷܹ͍͠ Ϗδωε‫͍͓ͯʹڥ؀‬ɺ ૊৫ͷϏδωε‫ڝ‬૪ྗΛ޲্ ͤ͞Δ͜ͱ

48.

ͭ·Γ%FW0QTͱ͸ɺ ૊৫ͷϏδωε‫ڝ‬૪ྗΛ ޲্ͤ͞ΔͨΊʹߦͳ͏ શͯͷ‫׆‬ಈͷ૯শ

49.

୯ͳΔඪ‫ޠ‬

50.

%FW0QTͷಋೖεςοϓ  ϦʔυλΠϜͷ୹ॖ  ϑΟʔυόοΫϧʔϓͷ‫ܧ‬ଓతͳ ୹ॖɺ‫ڧ‬Խ  ‫ܧ‬ଓతͳֶशͱ࣮‫ݧ‬ͷจԽͷ૑ग़

51.

ϦʔυλΠϜͷఆٛ ͋Δ‫ػ‬ೳΛ࡞Γ͍ͨͱߟ͑ͯ ͔ΒΤϯυϢʔβʔͷख‫ʹݩ‬ ͦͷ‫ػ‬ೳ͕ಧ͘·Ͱͷ‫ؒظ‬ ˞4UBUFPG%FW0QT3FQPSUͷఆٛͱ͸ҟͳΔ

52.

   IUUQTJUSFWPMVUJPODPNUIFUISFFXBZTQSJODJQMFTVOEFSQJOOJOHEFWPQT

53.

4 C ۩ମతͳࢧԉ಺༰ I / vC f O td W /4 / r nt i o e I ep t s F t D D o F p D F / ) f O () W D v o / d I D F 4 m l F t S f W acf u P F O W v A D

54.

"84‫Ͱڥ؀‬ͷ$*$%ύΠϓϥΠϯߏஙࢧԉ

55.

ಥવͰ͕͢ɺ

57.

ࣗ‫঺ݾ‬հ͓‫͢·͍͠ئ‬ʂ

58.

ࣗ‫঺ݾ‬հ ‫ࣜג‬ձࣾϦτϧɾϚϚ औక໾$50࿨ా఩࿠ʢ5FUTVSPV8BEBʣ ೥Ϡϑʔ‫ࣜג‬ձࣾೖࣾ :BIPPϑΝΠφϯεͳͲۚ༥‫ܥ‬αʔϏε͔Βɺ :BIPPϖοτͳͲͷϥΠϑελΠϧ‫ܥ‬αʔϏεͷ։ൃΤϯδχΞ ͱͯ͠ैࣄɻ ೥ΑΓ:BIPPτοϓϖʔδશମͷ։ൃϚωʔδϝϯτΛ୲౰ɻ ೥ΑΓ‫ࣜג‬ձࣾϦτϧɾϚϚͷऔక໾$50ͱͯ͠ɺ ೥ؒͷϠϑʔ‫ࣜג‬ձࣾͰͷ8FCΤϯδχΞ‫ݧܦ‬Λ‫͔͠׆‬ɺ ϦτϧɾϚϚΛʮҭࣇ☓ςΫϊϩδʔʯͷձࣾ΁ม๴ͤ͞Δ΂͘ ‫ࡏݱ‬ฃಆதɻ

59.

‫ࣜג‬ձࣾϦτϧɾϚϚͷ͝঺հ

60.

Ϗδϣϯ

61.

ʮϚϚͱ͜Ͳ΋ͷ໌೔ΛԠԉ͢Δʯ

62.

ϛογϣϯ

63.

ʮࢠҭͯͷ‫ݽ‬ಠΛղফʯ ʮࢠҭͯͷ೰Έʹ‫د‬Γఴ͏ʯ ʮࢠҭͯΛ௨ͨ͠ΩϟϦΞ౳ͷ ୈεςʔδΛԠԉʯ

64.

ϦτϧɾϚϚͷϝσΟΞࣄ‫ۀ‬

65.

ࢴഔମ ϦΞϧΠϕϯτ 8FC ࢒೦ͳ͜ͱʹ ೥ؒ360ສ෦ൃߦ ೔ຊ࠷େ‫ن‬໛ શࠃͰ೥ؒ10ສਓ ͷϚϚ͕ࢀՃ ݄ؒ100ສPVͷখ‫ن‬໛ ϝσΟΞ

66.

ϦτϧɾϚϚ๊͕͍͑ͯͨ՝୊ͱ͸ʁ

67.

‫ܦ‬Ң wδϣΠϯલ͸಺੡Ͱͷ։ൃ͸օແ wδϣΠϯ‫ʹޙ‬։ൃ෦Λ࡞ͬͨ w‫໊ࡏݱ‬

68.

՝୊ wΠϯϑϥ‫ڥ؀‬ͷ෼ࢄ w๭ࣾઐ༻αʔόɺ714ɺΫϥ΢υͳͲ w҆ఆ͠ͳ͍σϓϩΠ wϦϦʔε࣌΍ϦϦʔε‫ʹޙ‬τϥϒϧଟൃ wΠϯϑϥΤϯδχΞͷෆࡏ w$50͕શͯͷΠϯϑϥ‫ۀ‬຿Λ୲౰

69.

՝୊ղܾʹ޲͚ͨऔΓ૊Έ͸ʁ

70.

ࣾ಺Ͱ΍ΔͱܾΊͨ͜ͱ wγεςϜϦχϡʔΞϧ wΠϯϑϥ‫ڥ؀‬ͷ࡮৽ wҰͭͷΫϥ΢υ্ʹΠϯϑϥΛ౷߹ wͳΔ΂͘खͷ͔͔Βͳ͍Πϯϑϥߏ੒ wσϓϩΠࣗಈԽɺϞμϯͳ։ൃ‫ߏڥ؀‬ங w$*$%

71.

‫ݩ‬ʑ"[VSFͷ‫͕ݧܦ‬๛෋ͩͬͨ ͨΊɺ"[VSF΁ͷΠϯϑϥ౷߹ Λ‫ݕ‬౼͍ͯͨ͋͠Δ೔ɺ

73.

ϝοηͰ ࿈བྷͯ͠Έͨ

74.

Ϋϥεϝιου͔ΒͷఏҊ wΠϯϑϥ‫ڥ؀‬ͷ෼ࢄ w"84্ʹू໿ w҆ఆ͠ͳ͍σϓϩΠ w$PEF‫ܥ‬αʔϏεΛ࢖ͬͨ$*$%ύΠϓϥΠϯߏங w&$4Λ࢖ͬͨ%PDLFSίϯςφσϓϩΠ wΠϯϑϥΤϯδχΞͷෆࡏ w'BSHBUFΛ࢖͏͜ͱʹΑΔΠϯϑϥ؅ཧίετܰ‫ݮ‬

75.

‫ݒ‬೦ "84ະ‫ݧܦ‬ʜ

76.

‫ݒ‬೦ "84ະ‫ݧܦ‬ʜ ৴པؔ܎ʂ

77.

࣮ࡍʹߏஙͨ͠ΞʔΩςΫνϟ

81.

;Γ͔͑Γ ϦϦʔε͔Βϲ݄‫ܦ‬ա࣌

82.

,FFQ wσϓϩΠ͕༰қʹͳΓ։ൃʹूதͰ͖ΔΑ͏ʹͳͬͨ wिؒͷεϓϦϯτͰ‫ػ‬ೳҎ্ΛඞͣϦϦʔεͰ͖ΔΑ͏ ʹͳͬͨ w৑௕Խͷ৺഑͕ͳ͘ͳͬͨ wςετࣗಈԽͰ͖ͯɺσϓϩΠͷ৴པ౓্͕͕ͬͨ wεςʔδϯάͱຊ൪Ͱ‫ࠩڥ؀‬ҟ͕ͳ͘ͳΓςετͷ৴པ౓͕ ্͕ͬͨ wΤϥʔͳͲͷ‫ݕ‬஌‫ܥ‬ΛTMBDLʹ·ͱΊɺ͙͢ʹରԠͰ͖Δ ମ੍Λ੔͑ΒΕͨ

83.

1SPCMFN wϝϯόʔશһ͕"84શൠΛཧղͰ͖͍ͯΔͱ͸͍͑ͳ͍ w"84ͷ‫ػ‬ೳ͕ଟ͗ͯ͢೺ѲͰ͖ͳ͍఺͕ଟ͍ wֶͿͱ͖ͷෑ‫ډ‬΋ߴ͍ͱ‫͡ײ‬Δ wಋೖࢧԉ࣌ʹ࣌ؒ഑෼͕͏·͘Ͱ͖ͣɺ‫͚ۦ‬଍ͷ෦෼͕͋ͬ ͨͨΊɺ౎౓౎౓ͷཧղ͕௥͍͍͍ͭͯͳ͔ͬͨ wੵΈ࢒͕͠·ͩ͋Δ w‫ݕ‬஌෦෼ wηΩϡϦςΟ෦෼

84.

1SPCMFN wϝϯόʔશһ͕"84શൠΛཧղͰ͖͍ͯΔͱ͸͍͑ͳ͍ w"84ͷ‫ػ‬ೳ͕ଟ͗ͯ͢೺ѲͰ͖ͳ͍఺͕ଟ͍ wֶͿͱ͖ͷෑ‫ډ‬΋ߴ͍ͱ‫͡ײ‬Δ wಋೖࢧԉ࣌ʹ࣌ؒ഑෼͕͏·͘Ͱ͖ͣɺ‫͚ۦ‬଍ͷ෦෼͕͋ͬ ͨͨΊɺ౎౓౎౓ͷཧղ͕௥͍͍͍ͭͯͳ͔ͬͨ wੵΈ࢒͕͠·ͩ͋Δ w‫ݕ‬஌෦෼ wηΩϡϦςΟ෦෼ "84େมʂ ಋೖࢧԉͷཁվળʂ

85.

5SZ wϏδωεՁ஋ΛੜΈग़͠ɺϢʔβʔʹՁ஋Λಧ͚Δ࢓૊Έ ·Ͱ%FW0QTಋೖͷϝϦοτΛ‫͖͔͠׆‬Ε͍ͯΔ͔Λ‫ܧ‬ଓ ͯ͠‫͍͖͍ͨͯ͠ূݕ‬ wߏஙͨ͠‫ڥ؀‬ͷߏ੒ͱ࣮ࡍͷαΠτ΁ͷτϥϑΟοΫͱͷ όϥϯεΛ࠷దԽ͍ͨ͠ wੵΈ࢒͠ͷղফ

86.

ࠓ‫ޙ‬ͷల๬͸ʁ

87.

wߋͳΔ಺੡Խਪਐ wಠΓཱͪʢΫϥεϝιουґଘ୤٫ʣ wϚϚʹҰ൪બ͹ΕΔαʔϏε࡞Γ

88.

͜͜·ͰͰ෼‫ܦ‬աͳΒྑ͍ϖʔε

89.

ΞδΣϯμ %FW0QTͱΞδϟΠϧͱࢲ %FW0QTʹର͢Δࢲͷ΋΍΋΍ %FW0QTࢧԉࣨͷऔΓ૊Έ Ϗδωε‫ڝ‬૪ྗΛ޲্ͤ͞Δ۩ମతͳํ๏ ·ͱΊ

90.

ελʔτ

91.

ελʔτ 74.࣮ࢪ w‫ݱ‬ঢ়਺஋೺Ѳ wϦʔυλΠϜ wϓϩηελΠϜ w଴ͪ࣌ؒ wख໭Γ཰

92.

74. όϦϡʔετϦʔϜϚοϐϯά ͱ͸ w੡඼΍αʔϏεɺ‫ػ‬ೳΛ‫ސ‬٬ʹಧ͚ΔͨΊʹඞཁͳϓϩ ηεΛՄࢹԽ͢ΔͨΊͷπʔϧ wՄࢹԽ͞ΕΔ΋ͷ wϓϩηεͷྲྀΕ wϦʔυλΠϜ ࣍ͷϓϩηεʹҠߦ͢Δ·Ͱͷ࣌ؒ  wϓϩηελΠϜ ࡞‫ ؒ࣌ۀ‬ w଴ͪ࣌ؒ ϦʔυλΠϜʔϓϩηελΠϜ  wख໭Γ཰

94.

ελʔτ 74.࣮ࢪ Ϝμͳϓϩηεͱ ͦͷվળҊચ͍ग़͠ w‫ݱ‬ঢ়਺஋೺Ѳ wҰ൪ͷϘτϧωοΫʹूத wϦʔυλΠϜ wϦʔυλΠϜΛ,1*ʹઃఆ wϓϩηελΠϜ w۩ମతͳ୹ॖ໨ඪΛܾΊɺ ෦໳ԣஅ໨ඪʹ͢Δ w଴ͪ࣌ؒ wख໭Γ཰

95.

ࢥ͍͖ͭ‫ۦ‬ಈͷ௕͍‫ا‬ըձٞ ٕज़తෛ࠴ʹΑΔ։ൃ଎౓௿Լ ελʔτ 74.࣮ࢪ Ϝμͳϓϩηεͱ ͦͷվળҊચ͍ग़͠ ௕‫ظ‬։ൃͱϏοΫόϯ݁߹ खؒͷ͔͔ΔखಈσϓϩΠ w‫ݱ‬ঢ়਺஋೺Ѳ wҰ൪ͷϘτϧωοΫʹूத wϦʔυλΠϜ wϦʔυλΠϜΛ,1*ʹઃఆ wϓϩηελΠϜ w۩ମతͳ୹ॖ໨ඪΛܾΊɺ ෦໳ԣஅ໨ඪʹ͢Δ w଴ͪ࣌ؒ wख໭Γ཰ ։ൃ͔Βӡ༻΁ͷҾ͖‫͗ܧ‬ ִिͷఆྫঝೝձٞ

96.

ελʔτ 74.࣮ࢪ Ϝμͳϓϩηεͱ ͦͷվળҊચ͍ग़͠ w‫ݱ‬ঢ়਺஋೺Ѳ wҰ൪ͷϘτϧωοΫʹूத wϦʔυλΠϜ wϦʔυλΠϜΛ,1*ʹઃఆ wϓϩηελΠϜ w۩ମతͳ୹ॖ໨ඪΛܾΊɺ ෦໳ԣஅ໨ඪʹ͢Δ w଴ͪ࣌ؒ wख໭Γ཰ ࢥ͍͖ͭ‫ۦ‬ಈͷ௕͍‫ا‬ըձٞ ϦʔϯɾελʔτΞοϓ ٕज़తෛ࠴ʹΑΔ։ൃ଎౓௿Լ ‫ܧ‬ଓతΠϯςάϨʔγϣϯ ௕‫ظ‬։ൃͱϏοΫόϯ݁߹ ΞδϟΠϧ։ൃ खؒͷ͔͔ΔखಈσϓϩΠ $*$%ύΠϓϥΠϯ ։ൃ͔Βӡ༻΁ͷҾ͖‫͗ܧ‬ ૊৫มߋ ִिͷఆྫঝೝձٞ ‫֚ܗ‬Խͨ͠ϧʔϧมߋ

97.

ελʔτ Ϝμͳϓϩηεͱ ͦͷվળҊચ͍ग़͠ ࢥ͍͖ͭ‫ۦ‬ಈͷ௕͍‫ا‬ըձٞ ϦʔϯɾελʔτΞοϓ ٕज़తෛ࠴ʹΑΔ։ൃ଎౓௿Լ ‫ܧ‬ଓతΠϯςάϨʔγϣϯ ௕‫ظ‬։ൃͱϏοΫόϯ݁߹ ΞδϟΠϧ։ൃ खؒͷ͔͔ΔखಈσϓϩΠ $*$%ύΠϓϥΠϯ ։ൃ͔Βӡ༻΁ͷҾ͖‫͗ܧ‬ ૊৫มߋ ִिͷఆྫঝೝձٞ ‫֚ܗ‬Խͨ͠ϧʔϧมߋ ͪͳΈʹɺϦτϧɾϚϚ༷ͷ՝୊ͱվળࡦ͸ͪ͜Β 74.࣮ࢪ w‫ݱ‬ঢ়਺஋೺Ѳ wҰ൪ͷϘτϧωοΫʹूத wϦʔυλΠϜ wϦʔυλΠϜΛ,1*ʹઃఆ wϓϩηελΠϜ w۩ମతͳ୹ॖ໨ඪΛܾΊɺ ෦໳ԣஅ໨ඪʹ͢Δ w଴ͪ࣌ؒ wख໭Γ཰

98.

ελʔτ Ϝμͳϓϩηεͱ ͦͷվળҊચ͍ग़͠ ࢥ͍͖ͭ‫ۦ‬ಈͷ௕͍‫ا‬ըձٞ ϦʔϯɾελʔτΞοϓ ٕज़తෛ࠴ʹΑΔ։ൃ଎౓௿Լ ‫ܧ‬ଓతΠϯςάϨʔγϣϯ ௕‫ظ‬։ൃͱϏοΫόϯ݁߹ ΞδϟΠϧ։ൃ खؒͷ͔͔ΔखಈσϓϩΠ $*$%ύΠϓϥΠϯ ։ൃ͔Βӡ༻΁ͷҾ͖‫͗ܧ‬ ૊৫มߋ ִिͷఆྫঝೝձٞ ‫֚ܗ‬Խͨ͠ϧʔϧมߋ ΋ͪΖΜɺ؆୯ʹͰ͖Δ͜ͱͰ͸ͳ͍ 74.࣮ࢪ w‫ݱ‬ঢ়਺஋೺Ѳ wҰ൪ͷϘτϧωοΫʹूத wϦʔυλΠϜ wϦʔυλΠϜΛ,1*ʹઃఆ wϓϩηελΠϜ w۩ମతͳ୹ॖ໨ඪΛܾΊɺ ෦໳ԣஅ໨ඪʹ͢Δ w଴ͪ࣌ؒ wख໭Γ཰

99.

ελʔτ Ϝμͳϓϩηεͱ ͦͷվળҊચ͍ग़͠ ࢥ͍͖ͭ‫ۦ‬ಈͷ௕͍‫ا‬ըձٞ ϦʔϯɾελʔτΞοϓ ٕज़తෛ࠴ʹΑΔ։ൃ଎౓௿Լ ‫ܧ‬ଓతΠϯςάϨʔγϣϯ ௕‫ظ‬։ൃͱϏοΫόϯ݁߹ ΞδϟΠϧ։ൃ खؒͷ͔͔ΔखಈσϓϩΠ $*$%ύΠϓϥΠϯ ։ൃ͔Βӡ༻΁ͷҾ͖‫͗ܧ‬ ૊৫มߋ ִिͷఆྫঝೝձٞ ‫֚ܗ‬Խͨ͠ϧʔϧมߋ ͚Ͳɺ͙͢ʹͰ͖Δ͜ͱ΋͋Δ͔΋ʂ 74.࣮ࢪ w‫ݱ‬ঢ়਺஋೺Ѳ wҰ൪ͷϘτϧωοΫʹूத wϦʔυλΠϜ wϦʔυλΠϜΛ,1*ʹઃఆ wϓϩηελΠϜ w۩ମతͳ୹ॖ໨ඪΛܾΊɺ ෦໳ԣஅ໨ඪʹ͢Δ w଴ͪ࣌ؒ wख໭Γ཰

100.

ϘτϧωοΫ͕Ҡಈ ελʔτ 74.࣮ࢪ Ϝμͳϓϩηεͱ ͦͷվળҊચ͍ग़͠ w‫ݱ‬ঢ়਺஋೺Ѳ wҰ൪ͷϘτϧωοΫʹूத wϦʔυλΠϜ wϦʔυλΠϜΛ,1*ʹઃఆ wϓϩηελΠϜ w۩ମతͳ୹ॖ໨ඪΛܾΊɺ ෦໳ԣஅ໨ඪʹ͢Δ w଴ͪ࣌ؒ wख໭Γ཰ ࢥ͍͖ͭ‫ۦ‬ಈͷ௕͍‫ا‬ըձٞ ϦʔϯɾελʔτΞοϓ ٕज़తෛ࠴ʹΑΔ։ൃ଎౓௿Լ ‫ܧ‬ଓతΠϯςάϨʔγϣϯ ௕‫ظ‬։ൃͱϏοΫόϯ݁߹ ΞδϟΠϧ։ൃ खؒͷ͔͔ΔखಈσϓϩΠ $*$%ύΠϓϥΠϯ ։ൃ͔Βӡ༻΁ͷҾ͖‫͗ܧ‬ ૊৫มߋ

101.

ϘτϧωοΫ͕Ҡಈ ελʔτ 74.࣮ࢪ Ϝμͳϓϩηεͱ ͦͷվળҊચ͍ग़͠ w‫ݱ‬ঢ়਺஋೺Ѳ wҰ൪ͷϘτϧωοΫʹूத wϦʔυλΠϜ wϦʔυλΠϜΛ,1*ʹઃఆ wϓϩηελΠϜ w۩ମతͳ୹ॖ໨ඪΛܾΊɺ ෦໳ԣஅ໨ඪʹ͢Δ w଴ͪ࣌ؒ wख໭Γ཰ ࢥ͍͖ͭ‫ۦ‬ಈͷ௕͍‫ا‬ըձٞ ϦʔϯɾελʔτΞοϓ ٕज़తෛ࠴ʹΑΔ։ൃ଎౓௿Լ ‫ܧ‬ଓతΠϯςάϨʔγϣϯ ௕‫ظ‬։ൃͱϏοΫόϯ݁߹ ΞδϟΠϧ։ൃ खؒͷ͔͔ΔखಈσϓϩΠ $*$%ύΠϓϥΠϯ ։ൃ͔Βӡ༻΁ͷҾ͖‫͗ܧ‬ ૊৫มߋ

102.

ΞδΣϯμ %FW0QTͱΞδϟΠϧͱࢲ %FW0QTʹର͢Δࢲͷ΋΍΋΍ %FW0QTࢧԉࣨͷऔΓ૊Έ Ϗδωε‫ڝ‬૪ྗΛ޲্ͤ͞Δ۩ମతͳํ๏ ·ͱΊ

103.

"84%FW0QTࡇΓ %FW0QT มԽͷܹ͍͠‫Ͱڥ؀‬ Ϗδωε‫ڝ‬૪ྗΛ޲্ͤ͞Δ۩ମతͳํ๏  Ϋϥεϝιου‫ࣜג‬ձࣾ %FW0QTࢧԉࣨ ౻ଜɹ৽

104.

εςοϓ  ·ͣ͸74.Λ࣮ࢪ wϦʔυλΠϜɺϘτϧωοΫΛ೺Ѳ  ϦʔυλΠϜ୹ॖΛ෦໳ԣஅ໨ඪʹઃఆ  ϘτϧωοΫղফͷͨΊʹ৭ʑ‫ؤ‬ுΔ ͜ΕΛ‫ܧ‬ଓͯ͠‫܁‬Γฦ͢

105.

%FW0QTͷಋೖεςοϓ  ϦʔυλΠϜͷ୹ॖ  ϑΟʔυόοΫϧʔϓͷ‫ܧ‬ଓతͳ ୹ॖɺ‫ڧ‬Խ  ‫ܧ‬ଓతͳֶशͱ࣮‫ݧ‬ͷจԽͷ૑ग़

106.

%FW0QTͷ໨త มԽͷܹ͍͠ Ϗδωε‫͍͓ͯʹڥ؀‬ɺ ૊৫ͷϏδωε‫ڝ‬૪ྗΛ޲্ ͤ͞Δ͜ͱ

107.

ͱ͜ΖͰ%FW0QTࢧԉࣨͰ͸ɺ

108.

) ) 5 )47 1 4 1 4 3 4 3 )47 ) ) 5 634 . 17 634 2 2 5 ) 5( ) 3 • • • • 3

109.

ϘτϧωοΫ͕Ҡಈ ελʔτ ࢥ͍͖ͭ‫ۦ‬ಈͷ௕͍‫ا‬ըձٞ ϦʔϯɾελʔτΞοϓ ٕज़తෛ࠴ʹΑΔ։ൃ଎౓௿Լ ‫ܧ‬ଓతΠϯςάϨʔγϣϯ ௕‫ظ‬։ൃͱϏοΫόϯ݁߹ ΞδϟΠϧ։ൃ खؒͷ͔͔ΔखಈσϓϩΠ $*$%ύΠϓϥΠϯ ։ൃ͔Βӡ༻΁ͷҾ͖‫͗ܧ‬ ૊৫มߋ ಋೖࢧԉ΋΍ͬͯ·͢ʂ 74.࣮ࢪ Ϝμͳϓϩηεͱ ͦͷվળҊચ͍ग़͠ w‫ݱ‬ঢ়਺஋೺Ѳ wҰ൪ͷϘτϧωοΫʹूத wϦʔυλΠϜ wϦʔυλΠϜΛ,1*ʹઃఆ wϓϩηελΠϜ w۩ମతͳ୹ॖ໨ඪΛܾΊɺ ෦໳ԣஅ໨ඪʹ͢Δ w଴ͪ࣌ؒ wख໭Γ཰

110.

΋͠͝‫ڵ‬ຯ͋Ε͹ɺ͓੠͕͚͍ͩ͘͞

111.

࠙਌ձͷ͝Ҋ಺ ຊ೔ɺ࣌෼͔Β 'ͷ"84-PGUͰ ࠙਌ձ΍Γ·͢ʂ ܰ৯ɺυϦϯΫ͋Γʂ